Constantijn XI Palaiologos Dragases (Grieks: Κωνσταντίνος Παλαιολόγος Δραγάσης, Kōnstantinos Palaiologos Dragasēs) (Constantinopel, 9 februari 1405 – aldaar, 30 mei 1453) was van 1449 tot 1453 de laatste keizer van Byzantium. It had long been under the Frankish principality of 'Achaia' [1] Constantine was crowned Emperor January 6, 1449 AD succeeding his brother. 1448-1453AD. Constantine XI Dragases Palaeologus (b: 1405; 1448 – 1453) was the son of Manuel II and the last Emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. Constantine XI Dragasēs Palaiologos (February 8, 1404 – May 29, 1453) He was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor from 1449 to his death as member of the Palaiologos dynasty. There was little he could do to save the Constantinople since most of the Empire had fallen by this point in history. Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. This page has been accessed 54,367 times. 'Achaia': A state established by the Crusaders. He established a stockpile of food to prepare for a siege. Going back to Augustus and the ancient Roman Empire, he was the 138th and last Roman Emperor. Constantine, with some 8,000 Greeks, Ven… 1448-1453 AD. FAQs. However, it was said that the people did not recognize the head and thus Mehmed was deprived of this symbolic victory. This page was last edited on August 28, 2019, at 17:03. A little less than five years later in 1453 AD he was killed during the final assaults by the Turkish Sultan, Mehmed II on Constantinople. Constantine XI Palaiologos (Gr: Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, also Dragases ), was the last reigning emperor of the Palaiologos Dynasty as well as the last of the Roman Emperors. However, with the introduction of the canon, the walls that were once formidable would not withstand such an assault. That was inevitable. Constantine XI Dragases. He ruled Constantinople and died in battle at the fall of Constantinople in 1453. There were no known surviving eyewitnesses to the death of the Emperor and none of his entourage survived to offer any credible account of his death. Constantine could only muster perhaps 7,000 men to defend the city against an onslaught of an Ottoman army that numbered perhaps 70,000. In exchange for the surrender of Constantinople, the emperor’s life would be spared and he would continue to rule in Mistra. Orthodox do not consider Constantine XI a saint, though there are some who incorrectly, personally consider him so because of their love of the Byzantine (Roman) Empire. Text: Image He was trained as a soldier and in 1441 conquered the Morea Peninsula of Greece. [4] Last Update 11/01/97. According to Michael Critobulus (writing later in Mehmed’s service), he remarked, “The city is fallen and I am still alive.” Then he tore off his imperial ornaments so as to let nothing distinguish him from any other soldier and led his remaining soldiers into a last charge where he was killed. Svatý Konstantin XI. The Faith is always more important than earthly possessions. The economy of the Byzantine Empire had imploded. As preserved by G. Sphrantzes, Constantine replied: To surrender the city to you is beyond my authority or anyone else’s who lives in it, for all of us, after taking the mutual decision, shall die of our own free will without trying to save our lives. AR 1/4 Hyperpyron Constantine ruled for just over 4 years. / [K T I N], facing, crowned bust of Constantine. He previously was serving as regent for his brother John VIII (1437–1439AD), and he eventually succeeded his brother who died of natural causes in 1448. Constantine also and repaired walls in hopes of defending the city. a císařovny Heleny Dragaš, a bratrem císaře Jana VIII. AR 1/16 Hyperpyron (0.65 grams), © Princeton Economic Institute He ruled Constantinople and died in battle at the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Constantine personally led the defence of the city fighting alongside his troops in the land walls. Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. Before the siege began, Sultan Mehmed II made an offer to Constantine XI. IC-XC, Facing bust of nimbate Christ; dot to left and right. Constantinople. The Immortal Emperor: The Life and Legend of Constantine Palaiologos, Last Emperor of the Romans, https://grbs.library.duke.edu/article/viewFile/14639/3803, https://orthodoxwiki.org/index.php?title=Constantine_XI_Palaiologos&oldid=126901.
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