"[5] Ixtab was seen as a benevolent goddess who acted as a psychopomp to whoever hung themselves, leading them to paradise, as suicide was considered an honorable way of dying. [4] Xtabay subverts the traditional meaning of the ceiba tree since she hides behind it to lure victims away. [10] Once they have sex, Xtabay transforms into a poisonous serpent to devour them. [7], The theme of death is continuous with all of the different versions of the myth of the Xtabay. Xkeban was transformed to this flower, which is known as a xtabentún, which is a species of morning glory. [4] Xtabay's hair contrasts the typical hairstyle of Mayan women but represents the culture's ideal of beauty. Xtabay - Leyenda Maya Cuenta la leyenda, que en un pueblo existían dos hermanas que vivían cerca una de la otra, una se llamaba Xtabay y le decían Xkeben (que significa mala mujer) y la otra se llamaba Utz-Colel (mujer limpia, decente.) [3] One of the most accepted versions of the myth comes from the book, Diez Leyendas Mayas (1998), written by Jesus Azcorra Alejos. La leyenda de Xtabay. [7] It has been suggested that Christian colonialists corrupted the original legend by altering the meaning of the ceiba tree from a sacred tree into a place of danger. La Xtabay is a Yucatec Mayan myth about the female demon, Xtabay, who targets men in the Yucatán Peninsula. Similar a una sirena, la Xtabay se desliza flotando entre las espinas puntiagudas de un grandioso árbol: la ceiba. [4] Xkeban had a warm heart whereas Utz-colel had a cold heart. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Imagine all t, Mangroves are a living force, a refuge for local f. Yes! [5][6], Two equally beautiful women, Xkeban and Utz-colel, lived in a village or pueblo in the Yucatán Peninsula. Email (required) Your email address will not be published. She waited for them, entwining her long black hair with a piece of Tzacam, seated at the foot of a ceiba tree, sacred to the Maya; attracting those who crossed her path with sweet songs and phrases, only to later finish them off. [7] It said in the legend that the ceiba roots are where all the men the Xtabay has taken from earth go and that no one has returned from there. Leyenda La Xtabay Leyenda del Estado de Campeche Cuenta la leyenda que la mujer Xtabay es una mujer muy bella que suele encantar a los hombres que por las noches se aventuran en los caminos. Learn how your comment data is processed. [4] The ceiba tree is considered to connect both the heavens and underworld. Don’t hesitate to try it. [4], Utz-colel was known for her purity because she abstained from sexual relations. Required fields are marked *. [7] The people of the village planned to exile Xkeban, but they decided to allow her to remain in order to further humiliate her. [12], There are many similarities to the legend of La Llorona, a ghost who is said to wander Mexico searching for her children and luring away any living children she comes across. [4] Women symbolize purity and are taught not to talk to men by themselves. [4] Even in death, when Utz-colel wanted to experience life again, she was unable to overcome her envy and loveless heart. [8] Xkeban was treated poorly by her community for her promiscuous behavior while Utz-colel was considered virtuous for remaining celibate. [10] She waits behind a ceiba tree, a sacred tree in Mayan culture, and is said to comb her hair with the spines of the Tzacam cactus. [4], The legend of Xtabay is part of contemporary Maya culture, as myths influence current beliefs. [7] In Mayan culture, women are encouraged to be modest and abstain from sexual intercourse until marriage. [13] Legends similar to La Llorona include La Malinche and La Xtabay. [7] Sometimes the women are said to be sisters. [10][13] La Malinche was said to have three sons by three different men, and she drowned her three lovers, but now is cursed to look for them along the rivers and called to them endlessly. Cuenta la leyenda que existieron dos hermanas, ellas eran muy bellas pero muy diferentes entre sí, una era llamaba Xtabay, ella era apasionada y se dejaba llevar a sus deseos, por esta razón la mayoría del pueblo se alejaba de ella, pero ella tenía un lado bueno, ella cuidaba a los enfermos, a los animales y a los desamparados, siempre al pendiente de los mas necesitados. You can also put it into your coffee. This upset Utz-Colel and filled her with envy, and she died soon afterwards; but a terrible smell emanated from her body and her tomb only sprouted the Tzacam flower, a spiny cactus which hurt those who touched it. The second woman, Utz-Colel “the good” was very appreciated and respected by the villagers, but she had a very rigid interior and was incapable of loving others. [2], An alternative version of the legend, particularly in Quintana Roo, states that Xtabay is the punisher of drunks, thieves, and violent criminals. Despite her ill treatment, Xkeban tended to the poor, sick, and animals in need. [4] The townspeople adored Utz-colel because of her celibacy and overlooked her cruelty. [4] She lures men deep into the forest, leading to the men to become lost and disoriented before she has sex with them. [9], Utz-colel haughtily believed that her dead body would smell better than Xkeban's because of her purity, however, her dead body had an unbearable smell. Once she throws her victim over a cliff, she then rips out their heart. [12] Les Baxter's album Voice of the Xtabay by Peruvian soprano Yma Sumac depicts the lure of the xtabay in her music. La Xtabay is a Yucatec Mayan myth about the female demon, Xtabay, who targets men in the Yucatán Peninsula. [7] Xtabay lures men with seduction, which is against the traditional Mayan culture. In contrast to Xkeban, Utz-colel was cold-hearted and believed she was superior to those around her, especially those socially below her. As revenge, Utz-Colel returned from eternity imitating the sweetness of her sister, seducing the men and travelers who ventured along the roads of the Mayab at night. [7] The entire pueblo gathered for her funeral, and they put flowers around her grave that disappeared the next day. She is described as having beautiful, shining black hair that falls down to her ankles and wearing a white dress. Utz-colel became a flower called Tzacam, which grows on top of a spiky cactus and has an unpleasant odor. [4] In the Yucatán peninsula, the word Xtabay illustrates undesirable behavior in women and men, and the legend is used by mothers and grandmother to use the legend to teach good behaviors to their children. [2] In other versions of the myth, the Xtabay appears in any form or sex that will lure away a person. Xtabay o Xkeben era bondadosa y socorría a los más necesitados. Yucatán; Cuenta una antigua leyenda maya que en un pequeño pueblo vivían dos bellas mujeres hermanas de sangre, una era conocida como la Xkebán que se traducía en mujer pecadora pues se entregaba constantemente a los placeres de la carne, de modo que la gente honrada del lugar sentía repugnancia hacia ella. Yucatán Today is the only magazine and website which takes you by the hand to experience the essence of Yucatán. [4], The ceiba tree is a sacred tree of the Mayan people since the belief was that a virtuous person could become a ceiba tree after death. [10] Variants of the La Llorona legend are told throughout Mexico and because of the La Llorona figure can be pitied and feared at the same time. This is just one of the many legends that recalls the Yucatecan Maya history and culture, blending mythology, anecdote, and of course, gastronomic tradition. If you want to see the monument inspired by this legend, in the northeast part of Mérida, where the streets coming from Polígono 108, Macroplaza, and the road to Chichí Suarez join, there is a glorieta with two 10-meter high female figures, one looking in one direction and the other in the opposite direction, with a ceiba tree between them. This gave origin to the legend of Xtabay, “ix” meaning “woman” and “tabay” meaning “spirit”. [2] She is described as having beautiful, shining black hair that falls down to her ankles and wearing a white dress. In Yucatán we serve it straight, with ice and honey, or simply chilled. This upset Utz-Colel and filled her with envy, and she died soon afterwards; but a terrible smell emanated from her body and her tomb only sprouted the Tzacam flower, a spiny cactus which hurt those who … Xtabay will wait under a tree to lure and then throw her victim over a cliff. [4] Xkeban was shamed and humiliated by her community because she did not follow the traditional expectation for woman's behaviour. Today, the nectar is extracted from the Xtabentún flower, and used in the preparation of the honey-anise liqueur of the same name. ES, Your email address will not be published.
2020 leyenda de la xtabay