A genealogy of the "children of Gad" is set out in 1 Chronicles 5:11–17. (2003), "On the Reliability of the Old Testament" (Grand Rapids, Michigan. A la tribu de Gad se le asignó una región al este del río Jordán, aunque la ubicación exacta es ambigua. En algunos lugares de la escritura, a la tribu de Efraín se le llama la tribu de José (Números 1:32-33). (Joshua 13:24–28) The Tribe of Gad was allocated the central region of the three, east of Ephraim and West Manasseh, though the exact location is ambiguous.[2]. Después de terminar la conquista de Canaán, Josué asignó la tierra entre las doce tribus. However, in the case of the Tribes of Gad, Reuben and half of Manasseh, Moses allocated land to them on the eastern side of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea. [4] In common with Asher is the possibility that the tribal name derives from a deity worshipped by the tribe, Gad being thought by scholars to be likely to have taken its name from Gad, the semitic god of fortune;[4], Like Asher, Gad's geographic details are diverse and divergent,[4] with cities sometimes indicated as being part of Gad, and sometimes as part of other tribes,[5] and with inconsistent boundaries,[4][6] with Gilead sometimes including Gad[7] and sometimes not. 28:30. Classical rabbinical literature regards this selection of the other side by Gad as something for which they should be blamed, remarking that, as mentioned in Ecclesiastes, the full stomach of the rich denies them sleep. Nevertheless, when Tiglath-Pileser III annexed the kingdom of Israel in about 733-731 BC, Gad also fell victim to the actions of the Assyrians, and the tribe were exiled; in the Talmud, it is Gad, along with the tribe of Reuben, that are portrayed as being the first victims of this fate. However, because they crossed the river to help their brethren in the conquest of Palestine, just as Simeon did when he took his sword and warred against the men of Shechem, they were found worthy to follow the tribe of Simeon at the sacrifices on the occasion of the dedication of the Tabernacle (Num. With the growth of the threat from Philistine incursions, the Israelite tribes decided to form a strong centralised monarchy to meet the challenge, and the Tribe of Gad joined the new kingdom with Saul as the first king. Following the completion of the conquest of Canaan by the Israelite tribes after about 1200 BCE,[1] Joshua allocated the land among the twelve tribes. [4][9] When they arrived at the Jordan and saw the fertility of the land, they said: "One handful of enjoyment on this side is better than two on the other" (Lev. Gad was a member of the Northern Kingdom until the kingdom was conquered by Assyria in c. 723 BC and the population deported. Among the cities mentioned in Numbers 32:34 as having at some point been part of territory of the Tribe of Gad were Ramoth, Jaezer, Aroer, and Dibon, though some of these are marked in Joshua 13:15–16 as belonging to Reuben. lxxi.). Ningún gobierno central existía y, en tiempos de crisis, el pueblo estaba dirigido por líderes conocidos como Jueces. According to the Torah, the tribe consisted of descendants of Gad the seventh son of Jacob, from whom it took its name. However, on the accession of David's grandson Rehoboam, in c. 930 BC the northern tribes split from the House of David and from Saul's tribe Benjamin to reform Israel as the Northern Kingdom. Sin embargo, cuando Roboam llegó al trono en el año 930 a.C., las tribus del norte se separaron de la Casa de David para formar el Reino de Israel en el norte. However, some Biblical scholars view this also as a postdiction, an eponymous metaphor providing an aetiology of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation. 33:20–21 . Tribal territory The manner of the exile led to the further history of the tribe being lost, and according to the Book of Jeremiah, their former lands were (re)conquered by the Ammonites. The location was never secure from invasion and attacks, since to the south it was exposed to the Moabites, and like the other tribes east of the Jordan was exposed on the north and east to Aram-Damascus and later the Assyrians. [4], Though initially forming part of the Kingdom of Israel, from the biblical account it appears that under Uzziah and Jotham the tribe of Gad joined with the kingdom of Judah instead.
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